Welcome to the wonderful world of cannabis oil
Many people in the Netherlands have already become acquainted with cannabis oil. They use this relatively new food supplement daily and have already experienced its benefits. People who do not yet use cannabis oil, will probably have all kinds of questions about cannabis oil. They may wonder what cannabis oil is exactly, what different types of oil are available and what the underlying theory is for using Cannabis oil.|
We have developed this page for this growing group of people who are curious about cannabis oil. Our goal is to inform you extensively about the most important aspects of this acclaimed food supplement. We will explain how the oils are made, how you can use or administer them and why many British and American people already do so. We also highlight the legal status of the different cannabis oils which many people are so enthusiastic about.
Cannabis oil is made from the cannabis plant or hemp. Man has used this versatile plant for various purposes for centuries. In many cultures all over the world, people used the fibres of the plant to make clothing, rope and footwear. They used the flowers and the leaves of the hemp plant to make products to which medicinal properties were attributed.The seeds of hemp plants were also pressed to obtain oil that was used for cooking and lighting lamps.
Cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system explained
In the 1940s, scientists found that the cannabis plant contains unique substances called cannabinoids. The cannabinoid “Cannabidiol” (CBD) was the first to be discovered. More than twenty years later, in 1964, the discovery of the cannabinoid THC followed, which is short for “Tetrahydrocannabinol”. THC is “psychoactive” and causes intoxication when people use hemp. The substance occurs in high concentrations and is called “weed” nowadays. It is the only cannabinoid in cannabis plants that has this property.
In 1992, during research on how weed affects the human body, it became clear that every human being has a so-called “endocannabinoid system”. This is a system of “receptors” scattered throughout the body to which cannabinoids can attach themselves. Because everyone has such an endocannabinoid system, researchers realized that the body itself also produces substances similar to cannabinoids. They thought it very unlikely for the human body to have such a system, and that it could only receive cannabinoids from the hemp plant.
The endogenous substances that attach to the receptors, just like cannabinoids, was found, which was then called “anandamide”. Anandamide is a neurotransmitter that transmits information from one neuron to another via the receptors. The system of receptors and the endogenous cannabinoids regulate several important body functions. The endocannabinoid system affects:
- the immune system
- motor functions
- the perception of pain
When the endocannabinoid system becomes imbalanced because it does not get enough endogenous cannabinoids, this can cause physical or mental reactions to the functions for which the endocannabinoid system is responsible.
It has now been scientifically proven that the balance can be restored by taking cannabinoids from external sources. As soon as these cannabinoids are ingested, for example via cannabis oil with cannabinoids, they imitate the function of the body’s cannabinoids. They attach to the receptors and automatically influence the body functions in which the endocannabinoid system plays such an important role.
Currently, about 120 different cannabinoids have been identified to occur in the cannabis plant. All of these cannabinoids have a specific influence on the endocannabinoid system. For example, THC binds to specific receptors in the brain called CB1 receptors. CBD, on the other hand, binds to both CB1 and CB2 receptors. The latter, CB2 receptors, are found throughout the entire body and especially in the immune system.
What different types of cannabis oil are there?
There are roughly three different types of cannabis oil:
- Oil containing more than 0.05% of the cannabinoid THC
- Oil containing mainly the cannabinoid CBD and possibly other cannabinoids
- Hempseed oil, which may also contain CBD
The first type is often referred to as “weed oil”, “hash oil”, “THC oil” or “Rick Simpson oil”. Because these cannabis oils contain relatively large amounts of THC, you will become “stoned” or “high” if you use these oils. By the way, “Rick Simpson oil” is an oil named after an
American activist who promotes cannabis oil with THC.
The second type of cannabis oil, CBD oil, contains less than 0.05% THC and you will not get stoned by taking this. CBD is not psychoactive but it does affect the endocannabinoid system. Many of the CBD oils in our range also contain other active cannabinoids for
example, CBDA, CBG and CBGA in addition to CBD as an active ingredient.
The third type of cannabis oils, the hemp seed oils, are oils obtained from the pressing of hemp seeds. Hempseed does not contain THC and is, therefore, like CBD, not psychoactive. These types of oils, possibly enriched with CBD, are ideal for food preparation. They contain many healthy linoleic acids, omega fatty acids, vitamins and minerals.
What the UK law says about the different cannabis oils
UK law distinguishes between THC oil and the other two types of cannabis oils. THC oil (oil that contains more than 0.2% THC) is seen as “soft drugs” and may therefore not be sold freely. CBD oil and hemp seed oil contain less than 0.2% THC and are therefore legally available in the UK. This is why you will only find CBD oil and hemp seed oil on our website. All of our products remain well below the THC standard set by our government for the free sale of cannabis oils.
Extraction of cannabinoids from hemp plants
There are three ways to extract cannabis oil from hemp plants:
- Soaking in alcohol or other chemical solvents
- Olive oil or hemp seed oil extraction
- “Supercritical carbon dioxide” extraction
The first extraction method soaks hemp or the “biomass” of hemp plants in a solvent, usually alcohol (ethanol), petroleum ether or hexane. After a certain period, the cannabinoids separate from the biomass and mix with the solvent. This mixture is then heated to evaporate the alcohol. What remains is a cannabinoid concentrate.
When extracted with oil, the hemp is soaked in oil through which the cannabinoids detach themselves from the plant material. The remaining extract is then filtered to separate the oil from the residue.
The extraction of cannabinoids from hemp using the “Supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2)” method is done by bringing CO2 under high pressure. The gas then behaves like a solvent to which the hemp is exposed. As a result, the cannabinoids are extracted from the plants and then captured as a concentrate.
Each extraction method has its advantages and disadvantages. For example, extraction with alcohol is a chemical process in which potentially toxic substances remain in the extract. Many active elements are lost in this process as a result of the heating process.
In oil extraction, no chemicals are used and nothing is heated. The disadvantage of this method is that it produces tiny amounts of concentrated extract.
The extraction of cannabinoids using the supercritical CO2 method is most commonly used in the cannabis oil-producing industry. This method preserves all cannabinoids and other active substances of the plant in the extract. It is also possible to choose which specific cannabinoids are extracted from the plant. Furthermore, CO2 extraction is very environmentally friendly. Almost all the cannabis oils you will find on vitastore.com are produced with cannabinoids obtained from CO2 extraction.
Hemp seed oils, as mentioned above, are obtained by pressing the seeds of the hemp plants. Again, no heating is involved, so that all the healthy properties of the oil are preserved.
Why would you use cannabis oil?
Hempseed oil can be used to add more flavour to your food. The CBD oils you will find on our website can fit into your healthy lifestyle. You can see it as a food supplement, just as you would use vitamin preparations or “superfood” products, for example.
Scientific studies have found that there are little or no side effects to the use of cannabis oil. It is 100% natural and the preparation of CBD oil and hemp seed oil is subject to strict quality requirements. For example, each bottle of CBD oil is checked for the percentage of cannabinoids it must contain according to the label. We only use reputable suppliers who have more than won their spurs producing cannabis oil.
How can you take CBD oil?
You can take CBD oil in many forms:
- Capsules or suppositories
Dripping under the tongue is the most common method of taking CBD oil. You do this by using the pipette that you will find in each vial of CBD oil. It is a very accurate method and the oil is immediately absorbed into the body through the oral mucous membranes. It is most convenient if you do this in front of a mirror so that you can count the drops accurately. Hold the oil in your mouth for 30 seconds before swallowing it with some water.
You can also take capsules or suppositories that contain a certain amount of CBD. This method is also very accurate in terms of dosage because each capsule or suppository has the same amount of CBD. The capsules can be taken orally or the suppositories can be inserted into the rectum or even vagina.
If you own a vaporizer, you can also diffuse CBD oil into your bloodstream through the lungs. In that case, the CBD will be distributed into your body after about 5 minutes.
Dosing CBD oil
When it comes to answering the question of what the best dosage of CBD oil would be, we cannot give a simple answer. Every body is different and therefore reacts differently to the oil. We recommend using the following CBD oil concentrates:
For children: 2.5 % to 5% CBD oil
For adults: 10% CBD oil and above
As a general rule, we do not recommend breastfeeding or pregnant women to use CBD oil. Even if you are taking (heavy) medicines, we recommend that you consult your doctor before taking CBD oil.
Furthermore, dosing oil is a matter of experimenting and carefully listening to your body. Always start with a low dose of 2 drops twice a day and for two weeks. Your body needs some time to build up the CBD in the beginning. If you notice that this is the right dose, then stick to it. If not, you can increase your daily dose by one drop until you notice that the oil gives the desired result.
The use of CBD oil and hemp seed oil is completely safe. Hundreds of studies have shown that it is impossible to overdose on CBD oil. So, you can experiment with CBD oil until you have reached the right dosage for your body.