Do not confuse THC oil with CBD oil
THC oil has received a lot of attention in the world and is gaining popularity. Yet many people will still don’t know what ‘THC’ is exactly.
THC is a substance that occurs naturally in cannabis plants. It is the abbreviation for the scientific name ‘Delta 9 Tetrahydrocannabinol’. It is the component in weed that causes intoxication when you use (smoke or eat) weed.
So, THC oil is oil in which THC is the active ingredient. This oil is also popularly known as weed oil.
Weed oil’ is precisely what the word says: oil made from weed, or ‘marijuana’. The latter is the dried vegetable product that you can buy in coffee shops in the Netherlands. You can also make oil from it. ‘Weed oil’ (which used to be known as ‘hash oil’) is exactly the same as THC oil. So, there are two (or actually three) names for the same kind of oil.
THC is the ‘psychoactive’ substance in the cannabis plant. In addition to THC, the plant also produces about 120 other cannabinoids, including CBD (cannabidiol), which is becoming more and more popular.
Cannabis use, as old as mankind itself
There are three subspecies of Cannabis:
- Cannabis Sativa (also known as industrial or fibre hemp);
- Cannabis Indica (the species from which ‘weed’ is made);
- Cannabis Ruderalis (a species found exclusively in the remote and cold regions of Central Asia and Russia and which is of little or no significance for human consumption or use).
Cannabis Sativa has traditionally been used (since about 12,000 years ago) to make paper, rope, clothing and (animal) food. This variety contains little THC and a lot of CBD (cannabidiol).
Cannabis Indica, on the other hand, contains a lot of THC. The substance has been used as a ‘stimulant’ and medicine since time immemorial.
The history of THC
Although the various types of cannabis have been cultivated and used by man for thousands of years, the discovery of cannabinoids such as THC and CBD is still relatively recent. In the 1960s, Israeli scientists proved that these are the most abundant substances in the cannabis plant. They also discovered that the THC cannabinoid is responsible for the ‘high’ or ‘stoned’ feeling after cannabis use. The other common cannabinoid in the cannabis plant, CBD, does not have this property.
It took almost 30 years for the same research team to understand how cannabinoids work in the human body. In 1992, they discovered the ‘endocannabinoid system’ and the receptors to which cannabinoids attach to influence this system.
THC and the endocannabinoid system
The endocannabinoid system is, as we now know, responsible for several essential body functions. The system, located in the central nervous system and whichoccurs in the entire body, plays a vital role in, among other things:
- Sleep patterns;
- Memory functions;
- The immune system;
- Motor function;
- Pain experiences;
- Stress experiences;
Usually, the body makes its own cannabinoids that balance the endocannabinoid system. Cannabinoids attach themselves to so-called CB1 and CB2 receptors in the endocannabinoid system. However, there may be circumstances in which this process does not go well. The result is problems with the body functions mentioned above.
It is possible to use external cannabinoids to help out the system. For example, if you take THC oil or CBD oil, the endocannabinoid system is ‘replenished’ via the receptors, which results in restoration of the natural physical balance (also called ‘homeostasis’).
It is now evident that all vertebrates (man being just one of them) have an endocannabinoid system. This system is so essential to our bodies and minds that we humans are born with it. This is also the reason why the theory of restoring balance in the endocannabinoid system also applies to children and pets.
The difference between THC oil and CBD oil
We’ve already made it a little clear above: the THC cannabinoid is entirely different from CBD as the oils in these substances are intrinsically different.
People get ‘stoned’ or ‘high’ from THC oil because it is a ‘psychoactive’ cannabinoid. It causes the ‘intoxication’ that so many cannabis users who regularly visit a coffee shop are looking for.
CBD does not have this property. No one can get high from the CBD cannabinoid or experience a ‘mind-altering’ effect.
That is also why THC oil cannot be sold freely in the UK. In some cases doctors can prescribe THC oil or products containing THC, but only under certain stringent conditions. In that case, the THC oil is supplied by specialized pharmacies. Fortunately, CBD oil has proven to meet most users’ needs very well and that is why THC oil is becoming less and less popular.
You will, therefore not find THC oil in the range of cbdapotheek.nl. We are only allowed to sell products that contain less than 0.05% THC; all of our products remain well below that standard.
CBD oil is an entirely legal product in the UK and most of Europe and is therefore freely available. The UK government considers CBD oils and products containing CBD as a ‘food supplement’ and not as a ‘medicine’.
How is THC oil made?
There are three ways to ‘extract’ THC oil from the cannabis plant:
- Extraction via soaking in oil;
- Extraction by soaking in ‘alcohol’ or other chemicals;
- Via the so-called ‘supercritical carbon dioxide’ (CO2) method.
The first two extraction methods are ‘ínaccurate’ and sometimes downright dangerous. In oil extraction (e.g. olive or hemp seed oil) the plant material is soaked in oil. After a while, the cannabinoids will detach themselves from the ‘biomass’ and a cannabinoid-containing concentrate will remain.This method is ‘inaccurate’ because the THC or CBD content is difficult to predict. Usually, the cannabinoid content in the obtained extract depends on what was already present in the plant.
Extraction via alcohol or using chemical solvents (such as butane and propane) also has many disadvantages.These chemicals can remain behind in the extract, which, of course is not very beneficial to people’s health when used.
Almost all CBD oils that we sell are manufactured using the ‘supercritical’ CO2 (carbon dioxide) method. Carbon dioxide gas will behave like a solvent under absolute ‘pressure’ and certain temperatures. The big advantage of this method is that it is possible to ‘choose’ which of the 120 cannabinoids are extracted. In this way, the THC can first be extracted from a plant and collected, then the CBD, then other cannabinoids, and so on. The whole plant can be used and, generally, there is no need to use chemicals.
Another big advantage is that it is possible to make ‘full spectrum’ oils from CO2 extracted concentrates. These are oils which, in addition to a certain CBD content, also contain many other cannabinoids. This kind of CBD oil is also called ‘RAW’ oil. This type of oil does not contain THC, but it does contain all the other cannabinoids that can have a beneficial effect on the endocannabinoid system.
Research into THC oil
Considerable research work is undertaken into both the endocannabinoid system and the THC and CBD cannabinoids. It has already become clear that a certain ratio between THC and CBD in an oil can influence the endocannabinoid system positively. However, this strongly depends on why the oil is used. And, no less important, every body is different and will react differently to any of the cannabis oils.
We are not allowed to make medical claims. Our advice is to build up the intake of CBD slowly. You do this by first using a low dosage for about two weeks, for example by taking 2 drops twice a day. Does this dosage feel good to you? Then continue with this dosage routine. Do you feel you need a higher dose? Then increase the dosage by one drop daily, until your desired result is achieved. The advantage of using CBD oil is that the ‘pipette’or dropper makes it is easy to ingest the right dosage.
THC oil and your pet: absolutely not a good idea … (CBD oil is!)
It is important to know that it is not a good idea to give THC oil to children or pets.
The psychoactive effect of THC oil is entirely unpredictable and therefore it is absolutely not suitable for children or pets.
Although CBD oil does not show any side effects and any use to date is considered safe, we also discourage pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers from using CBD oil.
In all other cases, it is 100% safe to use CBD oil, provided that it is used in accordance with the information leaflets which are enclosed in all of our products. Our completely natural products are produced according to the highest quality standards and the latest available techniques. Please have a look at our website for more information about our products.
THC oil suitable for you?
THC oil is certainly not suitable for everyone because of the high concentration of THC, which can get you very high. This is something you will definitely not experience when using CBD oil.
Moreover, it is forbidden to have THC oil in your possession. Possession of CBD oil, on the other hand, is no problem at all.
That is why we advise everyone to start with CBD oil. If you do not achieve the results that you are looking for, you could consider THC oil, but as mentioned before: you are advised to use extreme caution when using this!