Weed oil, hash oil, THC oil, hemp seed oil, CBG and the most important of all oils, CBD oil, are interrelated concepts.
People often confuse the oils with each other, but despite them being closely related, they do not contain the same substances. In actual fact, the oils are vastly different from each other.
This page mainly focuses on weed oil, but we will also explain the differences between the oils. To make things easier, we will have a look at their similarities first. The oils mentioned all fall under the common denominator ‘hemp oil’ or ‘cannabis oil’. All of the oils mentioned above are made from the very versatile cannabis plant, which has several varieties including the hemp plant and the weed plant.
The similarities between the different hemp oils
The cannabis plant has been used to make all kinds of products throughout the centuries. People have used the plant’s fibres, obtained from the stem and woody parts, to make clothing, footwear and rope. Hemp fibres are one of the strongest and most durable materials that can be obtained from a crop.
The flowers and leaves of cannabis plants have been used to make all kinds of medicinal products since time immemorial. The dried flowers of the plant are also used to make the intoxicant which is known in the Netherlands as ‘weed’ or ‘hash’.
The oils are not only made from the same plant, but they also share similar properties.
Weed oil, hash oil and THC oil are different names for the same types of oils. These oils contain the THC component of the plant, which makes people ‘stoned’ or ‘high’. THC is the abbreviation of the scientific name tetrahydrocannabinol. This substance is psychoactive, and it causes the so-called ‘mind-altering’ or ‘mind-expanding’ effect.
CBG oil and CBD oil contain ‘cannabigerol’ (CBG) and ‘cannabidiol’ (CBD) substances. CBG and CBD (as well as THC) are called cannabinoids. These two substances work together with the human body, just like THC. So, they are also ‘active’, but unlike THC they have no psychoactive effects. It is therefore impossible to get ‘stoned’ or ‘high’ from CBG or CBD.
The differences between the various oils
The differences between the cannabis oils have to do with, among other things, the type of cannabis plant from which they are made. The cannabis species are divided into three groups:
- Cannabis Sativa
- Cannabis Indica
- Cannabis Ruderalis
The Cannabis Sativa strain is also known as ‘industrial hemp’. This variety has slender leaves and can grow up to four metres high. Traditionally, cannabis Sativa is mainly grown for its fibres. It contains hardly any THC but many cannabinoids such as CBD or CBG, The CBD and CBG oils are made from the Cannabis Sativa strain.
Cannabis Indica is almost the complete opposite of the oils mentioned above. This strain, also called marijuana, grows to a maximum of two metres and has a bushier appearance than the Cannabis Sativa. Cannabis Indica also has wider leaves than Cannabis Sativa. The flowers of this species especially have a high content of the psychoactive THC cannabinoid. This plant is therefore grown to make hash, weed and weed oil.
Cannabis Ruderalis is the smallest species and has virtually no active substances in it. This plant is mainly found in the wild, in remote areas of Russia and Central Asia. Partly because Cannabis Ruderalis only grows up to one metre, this species is not very suitable for making fibre.
Weed oil is therefore made from the Indica species and the oils produced contain more than 5% THC. All other oils remain well below this percentage and therefore do not cause any intoxication. THC is muted by CBD. So, if you want to get stoned using weed oil and then take CBD oil, the latter oil reduces the psychoactive effect of the former.
More about cannabinoids: the endocannabinoid system
The fact that cannabis plants produce cannabinoids was already discovered by scientists in the 1940s. At that time, they were already able to identify THC and CBD as cannabinoids.
In 1964 it was subsequently discovered that the psychoactive properties of cannabis should be attributed to the cannabinoid THC. Tetrahydrocannabinol, it was found, is a unique substance that only occurs in the cannabis plant. THC ensures that when the flowers of the Cannabis Indica are smoked or eaten in dried form, mind-altering effects arise.
In 1992 research was carried out into how this process works. It was discovered that the cannabinoids of the cannabis plant attach to specific ‘receptors’ of the cells in our body. These receptors, called CB1 and CB2, can be seen as a lock to which the cannabinoids fit like a key. As soon as they attach to these specific receptors, they will cause a reaction in the cell. And that, in the case of THC, causes intoxication.
The system of CB1 and CB2 receptors became known as the ‘endocannabinoid system’. ‘Endo’ means ‘internal body’ and because it was discovered through research into cannabinoids, this name was attached to it. It was also discovered that every vertebrate animal, and therefore even man, has an endocannabinoid system.
Anandamide: the body’s own ‘marijuana’
Further research showed that our body produces substances that attach to the same CB1 and CB2 receptors as the cannabinoids from the cannabis plant. The most important cannabinoid that was discovered was ‘anandamide’. This cannabinoid causes the intoxication or satisfaction that you experience after you have been running or doing other physical activities. Together with anandamide and other substances similar to cannabinoids, the endocannabinoid system regulates a number of essential body functions, such as:
- the immune system;
- motor functions;
- perception of pain.
The endocannabinoid system and its recently discovered effects explain why man has been attributing medicinal properties to the cannabis plant for thousands of years. Because if the endocannabinoid system is out of balance, this has adverse effects on the body functions. And that, in turn, can lead to all kinds of diseases and disorders.
The system’s balance can be restored by taking external cannabinoids.
Research into cannabinoids and the cannabinoid system
Scientific research into cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system is currently in full swing. So far (at the time of writing) about 120 different cannabinoids have been discovered that can be obtained from the cannabis plant. All these cannabinoids, for example when ingested via CBD oil, have different effects on the endocannabinoid system.
The discovery of the CB1 and CB2 receptors, the cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system is seen as a medical revolution all over the world. This is mainly because it was recently discovered that the receptors can be found throughout the body, in contrast, it was previously thought that cannabinoids attached themselves to receptors in the brain.
Now it appears that it mainly concerns the CB1 receptors to which the cannabinoid THC in weed oil attaches itself. The CB2 receptors are spread throughout the body, for example they can be found in the skin and the immune system.
Medical knowledge of the endocannabinoid system and how cannabinoids affect the system can be used in different ways. In any case, researchers have already clarified that cannabinoids from the cannabis plant influence the endocannabinoid system in various ways. That is why they are working enthusiastically on increasing our knowledge about this as soon as possible.
What does the Dutch law say about cannabis oil?
As indicated above, the psychoactive effect is the main and most important difference between weed oil and the other cannabis. Unfortunately, the Dutch government has decided that this effect is undesirable. Therefore, it is forbidden to freely sell weed oil, TCH oil, hash oil and any other oil containing more than 0.05% THC.
The cannabis oils you will find on our website such as CBD oil, CBG oil and hemp seed oil remain well below that percentage. Therefore, these products may be sold freely. Their use is completely legal, and you can order them on our website.
Another factor in relation to Dutch law is that we are not allowed to make any medical claims on the various cannabinoids.
The unique story of Rick Simpson and his weed oil
When we talk about weed oil, the name Rick Simpson often comes up. Rick Simpson is a Canadian who propagates the use of weed oil with high concentrations of THC.
Simpson is said to have helped several people in his hometown and also abroad with his oil, which, however, got him into trouble with the Canadian justice system. He was sued and although he did not sell his weed oil but gave it away to people, he was still considered a violator of the Opium Act. He was sentenced to a more or less symbolic fine and nowadays he lives in Europe.
Because Rick Simpson oil contains high concentrations of THC, its free sale is also forbidden in the Netherlands. Still, some people who make the oil themselves and possibly offer it for sale. Preparing Rick Simpson oil yourself is not recommended, because highly flammable solvents are used to extract the THC from the plant material. Subsequently, the solvent used must also be evaporated, which increases the risk of explosions. We also advise against buying Rick Simpson oil made by ‘do-it-yourselfers’. You never know how the oil is prepared and what the exact percentage of THC is in the oil.
Weed oil and the future
You have not heard the last of weed oil yet. As indicated above, the research into THC and weed oil is in full swing. It is therefore very well possible that in the future cannabis oils with a higher THC content will be freely available.
Meanwhile, scientists are doing their utmost to further unravel the secrets of the cannabis plant. Visit our website cbdapotheek.nl regularly to stay informed about these developments.
Weed oil is not allowed, CBD oil is
In contrast to weed oil, you can buy various CBG and CBD oils, which are produced by renowned companies. The production process of these products follows stringent quality requirements and controls. Therefore, you are always assured of the highest quality CBD oils, CBG oils and hemp seed oils.
In our range you will find oils with different concentrations of the active substances and also vials with various contents. Make your choice at your leisure. And if you are interested, you can also consult the other information on cannabis oils on our website.
Wish to order CBD oil?
Before you order CBD or CBG oil, you want to be sure that the products are safe and reliable. We only sell products that are made by recognized manufacturers, so you are assured of only the absolute best and reliable products. All of our products come with a quality report, so you can always find the precise proportions of the active ingredients they contain.
Feel free to contact us if you have any questions about our products.